Mar 5, 2020

Globus pallidus dynamics reveal covert strategies for behavioral inhibition.

bioRxiv
Bon-Mi GuJoshua Berke

Abstract

Flexible behavior requires restraint or cancellation of actions that are no longer appropriate. This behavioral inhibition critically relies on frontal cortex - basal ganglia circuits. A central node within the basal ganglia, the globus pallidus pars externa (GPe), has been hypothesized to mediate "proactive" inhibition: being prepared to stop an action if needed. Here we investigate the population dynamics of rat GPe neurons during preparation-to-stop, stopping, and going. Rats could selectively engage proactive inhibition towards one specific action, as shown by slowed reaction times (RTs) for that action. While proactive inhibition was engaged, GPe population activity occupied state-space locations farther from the trajectory followed during normal movement initiation. Furthermore, the specific state-space location was predictive of distinct types of errors: failures to stop, failures to go, and incorrect choices. The slowed RTs on correct proactive trials reflected a starting bias towards the alternative action, which was overcome before making progress towards action initiation. Our results demonstrate that rats can exert cognitive control via strategic positioning of their GPe network activity.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Basal Ganglia
Orientation (spatial)
Frontal Lobe
Timed Up and Go Test
Neurons
Globus Pallidus
Reaction Center
Cognition
Location
Structure of Lateral Globus Pallidus

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