Glucagon and insulin response to meals in non-obese and obese Dutch women

Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
P HillF de Waard

Abstract

Many digestive complaints are associated with abnormalities in gastrointestinal peptide hormone function. To investigate the effect of obesity on the release of pancreatic peptide hormones, we have compared the release of insulin and glucagon in non-obese-obese Dutch women in response to isocaloric mixed meals and to Naloxone, an opioid antagonist. Healthy premenopausal women who were separated into three groups based on body mass index (BMI less than 23; 23-27, greater than 28), were fed 600-calorie breakfasts. Higher fasting levels of plasma insulin and glucagon occurred in obese (BMI greater than 28) than lean (BMI less than 23) women, while glucagon and insulin release after a high fat meal occurred in obese women. Naloxone administration in obese women decreased plasma insulin and glucagon, but in lean women, naloxone increased plasma glucagon but did not alter plasma insulin levels. Results indicate differences in opiate effects on pancreatic function in non-obese-obese women.

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