Jul 1, 1994

Glucocorticoids regulate glutaminase gene expression in human intestinal epithelial cells

The Journal of Surgical Research
P SarantosW W Souba

Abstract

Glutamine is essential for intestinal metabolism and function, but its circulating and luminal availability to the mucosa may be diminished during critical illness. We hypothesized that glucocorticoids, which are produced in increased amounts during critical illness, accelerate mucosal glutamine metabolism. We studied intestinal glutamine utilization by examining the regulation of glutaminase in vitro, the enterocyte's principal enzyme of glutamine metabolism. Differentiated confluent human enterocytic cells (Caco-2 cells) were incubated with dexamethasone. Glutaminase activity was assayed and mRNA was extracted. Glutaminase transcripts were labeled with a 32P-labeled glutaminase cDNA probe, quantitated by phosphoimaging, and normalized to beta-actin. Dose- and time-response studies were performed. Dexamethasone-treated cells were also incubated with actinomycin D and cycloheximide. Dexamethasone (DEX) increased mucosal glutaminase activity by 45%, with maximal response at 12 hr. This increase was dose-dependent and was significant at doses of 1 and 10 microM. The dexamethasone-mediated increase in glutaminase activity was associated with a 40% increase in glutaminase mRNA. The DEX-induced increase in glutaminase activity was i...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Beta-Actin
Glucocorticoid inhalants for obstructive airway disease
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Glutaminase Activity
Transcription, Genetic
Glucocorticoids, Systemic
Protein Biosynthesis
Glutaminase
Gene Expression
Structure of Intestinal Gland

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