PMID: 8206564Jun 1, 1994Paper

Glucose and insulin levels during diuretic therapy in hypertensive men

David SiegelS Haffner


We investigated serum glucose and insulin levels resulting from thiazide or thiazide-like diuretic administration and determined whether they were associated with serum or intracellular potassium or magnesium values. We also explored the role of obesity both alone and with thiazides on serum insulin and glucose. Hypertensive men were withdrawn from diuretics and repleted with oral potassium and magnesium and then randomized to 2 months of treatment with (1) hydrochlorothiazide, (2) hydrochlorothiazide with oral potassium, (3) hydrochlorothiazide with oral potassium and magnesium (4) hydrochlorothiazide and triamterene, (5) chlorthalidone, or (6) placebo. Serum was available from 202 participants for insulin and glucose determinations. Mean fasting serum glucose and insulin did not change significantly after 2 months of randomized therapy with the exception of participants randomized to chlorthalidone, who had significant increases in both serum insulin and glucose (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively). As body mass index increased, there was a corresponding increase in serum insulin and to a lesser degree in serum glucose. Also, as body mass index increased, participants taking hydrochlorothiazide had a corresponding increase of ...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Blood Glucose
Diuretic Effect
Hypertensive Disease
Intracellular Membranes
Multivariate Analysis

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