PMID: 6126258Jul 22, 1982Paper

Glutamine and glutamate transport in cultured neuronal and glial cells

Brain Research
N RamaharobandroJ Mark

Abstract

The uptake of L-glutamine in neuronal and glial cultures derived from rat cerebral hemispheres was found to be mediated by a low affinity-high capacity mechanism which was concentrative in both cell types; the calculated Km and Vmax were twice as high in glial than in neuronal cultures. In contrast L-glutamate was taken up by a high affinity system which was particularly efficient and concentrative in the glial cells. Different transport mechanisms for L-glutamine appeared to operate in the two cell types: L-glutamine uptake in neurons was sodium-dependent, specifically inhibited by L-glutamine but not affected by high potassium concentrations in the external medium; on the other hand, glial glutamine transport was decreased when potassium concentration increased, was sodium-independent and significantly inhibited by 3 structurally related amino acids. No significant contribution of homoexchange could be detected in either cell type. After [14C]glutamine preincubation, the radioactivity released into the superfusion medium by neuronal cells was increased in the presence of a high potassium concentration; no such effect could be seen in the case of glial cultures. A regulatory mechanism is suggested where astrocyte depolarizatio...Continue Reading

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