May 1, 1976

Glutamine-stimulated modification and degradation of glutamine synthetase in hepatoma tissue culture cells

Cell
G AradR G Kulka

Abstract

Effects of glutamine on glutamine synthetase (GS) activity of hepatoma tissue culture (HTC) cells were studied with the aid of a specific goat anti-rat GS serum. Immunodiffusion and immunoelectrophoretic tests show that rat liver GS and HTC cell GS are immunologically similar but not identical. Immunotitrations of HTC cell extracts demonstrate that in cells incubated in high concentrations (5 mM) of glutamine, a cross-reacting form of GS with a decreased enzyme-specific activity accumulates. On prolonged incubation of cells in high glutamine, there is net degradation of GS to form immunologically inactive products. Radio-immunoprecipitation experiments show that glutamine acts by accelerating the degradation of preformed GS.

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Immunoelectrophoresis
Glutamine Deficiency, Congenital
Liver Carcinoma
Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase
Glul
Immunodiffusion Measurement
D-Glutamine
Liver

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