PMID: 18963964Dec 1, 1985

Glycopyrronium-selective electrodes

S Z Yao, G H Liu


Liquid-membrane and PVC-membrane glycopyrronium-selective electrodes have been developed. They are based on the ion-pair complexes of glycopyrronium with dicyclohexylnaphthalenesulphonate, di-isopentylnaphthalenesulphonate, di-isobutylnaphthalenesulphonate and tetraphenylborate. Their response is nearly Nernstian over the pH-range 4-8, and the detection limits range from 10(-6)M to 10(-5)M. For the liquid-membrane electrodes, with homologous membrane solvents, the response slopes are linearly related to the inverse of the dielectric constant of the membrane solvent, according to the formula S = C(o) - C(1)/. A similar relation exists between the slopes for both types of electrode and the dielectric constants of mixed-solvent backgrounds. The electrodes can be used in the potentiometric determination of glycopyrrolate.


Dec 1, 1987·Talanta·S Z YaoL H Nie
Jan 1, 1990·Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis·S Z YaoL H Nie
May 29, 2003·Analytical Sciences : the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry·Hassan A AridaAbeer M el-Saied

Related Concepts

Complex (molecular entity)
Specimen Type - Electrode
Homologous Gene

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.