Glycosidation-anomerisation reactions of 6,1-anhydroglucopyranuronic acid and anomerisation of beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acids promoted by SnCl(4)

Chemistry : a European Journal
Colin O'BrienPaul V Murphy


The reaction of silylated nucleophiles with 6,1-anhydroglucopyranuronic acid (glucuronic acid 6,1-lactones) catalysed by tin(IV) chloride provides 1,2-trans or 1,2-cis (deoxy)glycosides in a manner dependent on the donor structure. The alpha-glycoside was obtained for reactions of the donor with the 2-acyl group and 2-deoxydonors, whereas the 2-deoxy-2-iodo donor gave the beta-glycoside. Experimental evidence shows that when 1,2-cis-glycoside formation occurs, the anomerisation of initially formed 1,2-trans-glycosides catalysed by SnCl(4) is possible. The anomerisation of beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acids was found to be faster, in some cases, than anomerisation of related beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid esters and beta-D-glucopyranoside derivatives and the rates are dependent on the structure of the aglycon. Moreover, the rates of anomerisation of beta-D-glucopyranuronic acid derivatives can be qualitatively correlated with rates of hydrolysis of beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acids. Mechanistic possibilities for the reactions are considered.


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