Jul 25, 1976

Glyoxylate aminotransferase in peroxisomes from rat liver and kidney

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
B Hsieh, N E Tolbert

Abstract

An aminotransferase was isolated from peroxisomes that had been separated by isopycnic centrifugation of homogenates from rat liver or kidney. The enzyme was located only in the peroxisomes and in the soluble fraction, presumably from broken peroxisomes. Within the peroxisomes, this aminotransferase was in the soluble matrix. This specific aminotransferase was not found in spinach leaves. The enzyme was relatively specific for glyoxylate as the amino group acceptor. L-Leucine and L-phenylalanine were the preferred amino donors; other amino acids were less efficiently utilized. Rates were 181 nmol X min-1 of peroxisomal protein with leucine, and 134 with phenylalanine. The rate with serine was only 28% as fast and there was no reaction with glutamate. The reactions were essentially irreversible. Treatment of peroxisomes with 0.04% Triton X-100 increased enzyme activity 80%. The enzyme in the peroxisomes was stable at 50 degrees. The enzyme was purified 100-fold. Activities with leucine, phenylalanine, and histidine could not be separated by gel filtration and DEAE-cellulose chromatography. Its molecular weight was estimated to be 72,000. Reaction kinetics were ping-pong. The Km (glyoxylate) was 0.5 mM with leucine and 0.67 mM wi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Spinach preparation
Caseins
Histidine
Structure-Activity Relationship
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Spinacia oleracea
Clofibrate
Chromatography, DEAE-Cellulose
Pyridoxal Phosphate

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