PMID: 41703Apr 1, 1979

Gonadotropin secretion following pernasal stimulation with synthetic gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and a highly effective GnRH-analog in healthy men and prepubertal boys

J HappJ Beyer


Potent long acting analogs of GnRH are of great interest especially in view of pernasal (p.n.) treatmen of hypogonadism of hypothalamic origin and of cryptorchidism. To find the necessary p.n. dosage of such a substance, serum LH and FSH were measured in 6 normal adult human males after p.n. application of various doses of D Leu6-des-Gly10-GnRH ethylamide. 50 microgram of the GnRH analog were necessary to obtain increased serum gonadotropins over a period of at least 8 hours. By repeated p.n. application of 200 microgram of synthetic GnRH every 2 hours in 6 normal adult males a considerable increase of serum gonadotropins could be demonstrated as well. Pernasal application of 200 microgram GnRH repeated at an interval of 1 hour in 3 cryptorchid boys produced a distinct increase of the serum gonadotropins. The intraindividual comparison of 200 microgram GnRH and 20 microgram of the GnRH analog in one boy showed equivalent net increases of the gonadotropins. With the analog the gonadotropin increase lasted for about 6 hours.

Related Concepts

Administration, Intranasal
Unilateral Cryptorchidism
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Gonadorelin Hydrochloride

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.