Nov 7, 2019

Granisetron Alleviates Alzheimer's Disease Pathology in TgSwDI Mice Through Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II/cAMP-Response Element Binding Protein Pathway

Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD
Sweilem B Al RihaniAmal Kaddoumi

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a compromised blood-brain barrier (BBB) and disrupted intracellular calcium homeostasis in the brain. Therefore, rectifying the BBB integrity and restoring calcium homeostasis could provide an effective strategy to treat AD. Recently, we developed a high throughput-screening assay to screen for compounds that enhance a cell-based BBB model integrity, which identified multiple hits among which is granisetron, a Food and Drug Administration approved drug. Here, we evaluated the therapeutic potential of granisetron against AD. Granisetron was tested in C57Bl/6J young and aged wild-type mice, and in a transgenic mouse model of AD namely TgSwDI for its effect on BBB intactness and amyloid-β (Aβ)-related pathology. Our study findings showed that granisetron enhanced BBB integrity in both aged and TgSwDI mice. This effect was associated with an overall reduction in Aβ load and neuroinflammation in TgSwDI mice brains. In addition, and supported by proteomics analysis, granisetron significantly reduced Aβ induced calcium influx in vitro, and rectified calcium dyshomeostasis in TgSwDI mice brains by restoring calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II/cAMP-response element binding protein pathway,...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Kinase 2
Protein Binding
C57BL/6 Mouse
Regulation of Calcium Ion Concentration
Brain
High-Throughput Screening Assays
Alzheimer's Disease
Oligodendrocyte Transcription Factor 2 Protein

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