PMID: 16556342Mar 25, 2006Paper

Grape variety affects larval performance and also female reproductive performance of the European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

Bulletin of Entomological Research
J MoreauD Thiéry

Abstract

For insect herbivores, the quality of the larval host plant is a key determinant of fitness. Therefore, insect populations are supposed to be positively correlated with the nutritional quality of their host plant. This study aimed to determine if and how different varieties of grapes (including the wild grape Lambrusque) affect both larval and adult performance of the polyphagous European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller). Significant differences were found in larval development time, but not in pupal mass, adult emergence rate, or sex ratio. Although the fecundity of females is not different among varieties, females fed on some varieties produced eggs of different sizes which are correlated to their fertility. Thus, females adapt resource allocation to eggs depending on their diet as larvae. Using a fitness index, the average reproductive output was found to be highest for females reared on cv. Chardonnay. Females reared on wild grape produced a fitness index identical to the cultivated grapes. However, Lambrusque and Gewurztraminer separate themselves from the cultivated varieties according to our discriminant analyses. It is emphasized, through this study, that cultivars fed on by larvae should be consi...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 7, 2013·Die Naturwissenschaften·Fanny VogelweithJérôme Moreau
May 3, 2014·Bulletin of Entomological Research·D ThiéryJ Moreau
Nov 9, 2006·Journal of Chemical Ecology·Julien ChucheDenis Thiéry
Sep 3, 2011·Journal of Economic Entomology·C IoriattiA Lucchi
Jul 29, 2011·Phytochemistry·Marco TasinIlaria Pertot
Dec 15, 2019·Insects·Roberto RizzoGabriella Lo Verde
Jan 19, 2020·Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology·Fatemeh Kiaeian MoosaviFrancesco Pavan

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