Nov 1, 1989

Growth hormone-dependent events in the adipose differentiation of 3T3-F442A fibroblasts: modulation of macromolecular synthesis

Endocrinology
S GullerR E Corin

Abstract

GH is necessary but not sufficient to induce adipose differentiation of 3T3-F442A fibroblasts in serum-free medium. Human (h) GH (2 nM) treatment of 3T3-F442A cells in serum-free medium caused a time-dependent (maximal at 48-72 h) and dose-dependent (EC50, approximately 0.2 nM) decrease (40-60%) in de nova protein synthesis. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I; 17 nM), PRL (2 nM), and glucagon (20 nM) did not decrease de novo protein synthesis, whereas bovine GH was equipotent with hGH. The half-lives of 35S-labeled proteins of 3T3-F442A cells were 21 and 57 h for cells maintained in serum-free medium for 3 days without or with hGH (2 nM), respectively. The total protein content of cells maintained in hGH (2 nM) for 1-4 days was unaffected compared to cells in serum-free medium alone. IGF-I (17 nM) treatment of cells for 4 days doubled the protein content of cells compared to control values in serum-free medium. hGH (2 nM) pretreatment of cells for 1-4 days had no effect on total RNA synthesis. hGH (2 nM) but not IGF-I (17 nM) treatment (3 days) resulted in a 7-fold decrease in cytoplasmic 18S rRNA content (as measured by DNA-RNA hybridization) of cells compared to that of control cells maintained in serum-free medium. When 3T3...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Glucagon (rDNA)
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Fat Pad
Growth Hormone Activity
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
RNA Chemical Synthesis
Nucleic Acid Hybridization Procedure
Bos taurus
Platelet-derived Growth Factor Receptor Binding Activity
Protein Biosynthesis

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