Growth hormone releasing activity of thyrotropin-releasing hormone in rats with hypothalamic lesions

E E MüllerV R Olgiati


The growth hormone (GH)-releasing effect of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) was investigated in rats in which central nervous system (CNS)-anterior pituitary (AP) connections had been experimentally interrupted. Sprague-Dawley (SD) female and male rats, underwent bilateral electrolytic lesions in the median eminence (ME) or the ventromedial nuclei (VMN) or were sham-operated (sham-op). Fifteen days after surgery, 0.9% NAACl or TRH was injected iv into sham-op rats or those with lesions in the CNS, anesthetized with urethane, and blood was drawn at 5 and 10 min posttreatment. In the rats with ME lesions, TRH at all the doses used (0.1, 0.4 and 0.8 microng/100 g BW) induced a marked, although not dose-related GH rise, which was not present in sham-op rats after TRH, or after NaCl administration to either rats with ME lesions or sham-op rats. In SD male rats lesioned in the VMN, TRH at doses of 0.4 and 0.8 microng/100 g BW induced significant GH rises, while the lowest TRH dose (0.1 microng/100 g BW) was ineffective; again, TRH was ineffective at all doses used in sham-op rats. Concomitant evaluation of the prolactin (PRL)-releasing effect of TRH (0.1-0.8 microng/100 g BW), showed a striking elevation of plasma PRL in both fem...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Organum Vasculosum Laminae Terminalis
Median Eminence of Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland, Anterior
Recombinant Growth Hormone
Human Pancreatic Growth Hormone-Releasing Factor
Proterelin Tartrate Hydrate

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.