Mar 19, 2016

Growth Rate-Dependent Global Amplification of Gene Expression

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Niki AthanasiadouDavid Gresham

Abstract

Regulation of cell growth rate is essential for maintaining cellular homeostasis and survival in diverse conditions. Changes in cell growth rate result in changes in rRNA and tRNA content, but the effect of cell growth rate on mRNA abundance is not known. We developed a new method for measuring absolute transcript abundances using RNA-seq, SPike in-based Absolute RNA Quantification (SPARQ), that does not assume a constant transcriptome size and applied it to the model eukaryote, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (budding yeast), grown at different rates. We find that increases in cell growth rate result in increased absolute abundance of almost every transcript, with significant coordinated changes in abundances among functionally related transcripts. mRNA degradation and synthesis rates increase with increased growth rate, but to differing extents, resulting in the observed net increases in absolute abundance. We propose that regulation of ribosome abundance links environmental conditions to transcriptome amplification via nutrient-sensing pathways.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
M Protein, multiple myeloma
Cellular Homeostasis
Detection of Nutrient
Saccharomyces cerevisiae allergenic extract
Regulation of Biological Process
Sequence Determinations, RNA
MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Yeasts

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