Guide RNA Repertoires in the Main Lineages of Trypanosoma cruzi: High Diversity and Variable Redundancy Among Strains.

Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Fanny RusmanPatricio Diosque

Abstract

Trypanosoma cruzi, as other kinetoplastids, has a complex mechanism of editing of mitochondrial mRNAs that requires guide RNAs (gRNAs) coded in DNA minicircles in the kinetoplast. There are many variations on this mechanism among species. mRNA editing and gRNA repertoires are almost unknown in T. cruzi. Here, gRNAs were inferred based on deep-sequenced minicircle hypervariable regions (mHVRs) and editing cascades were rebuilt in strains belonging to the six main T. cruzi lineages. Inferred gRNAs were clustered according to their sequence similarity to constitute gRNA classes. Extreme diversity of gRNA classes was observed, which implied highly divergent gRNA repertoires among different lineages, even within some lineages. In addition, a variable gRNA class redundancy (i.e., different gRNA classes editing the same mRNA region) was detected among strains. Some strains had upon four times more gRNA classes than others. Such variations in redundancy affected gRNA classes of all mRNAs in a concerted way, i.e., there are correlated variations in the number of gRNAs classes editing each mRNA. Interestingly, cascades were incomplete for components of the respiratory complex I in several strains. Finally, gRNA classes of different strai...Continue Reading

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