Habitat loss and fragmentation increase realized predator-prey body size ratios

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jasmijn HillaertDries Bonte

Abstract

In the absence of predators, habitat fragmentation favors large body sizes in primary consumers with informed movement due to their high gap-crossing ability. However, the body size of primary consumers is not only shaped by such bottom-up effects, but also by top-down effects as predators prefer prey of a certain size. Therefore, higher trophic levels should be taken into consideration when studying the effect of habitat loss and fragmentation on size distributions of herbivores. We built a model to study the effect of habitat loss and fragmentation within a simple food web consisting of (i) a basal resource that is consumed by (ii) a herbivore that in turn is consumed by (iii) a predator. Our results highlight that predation may result in local accumulation of the resource via top-down control of the herbivore. As such, the temporal and spatial variation of the resource distribution is increased, selecting for increased herbivore movement. This results in selection of larger herbivores than in the scenario without predator. As predators cause herbivores to be intrinsically much larger than the optimal sizes selected by habitat fragmentation in the absence of predators, habitat fragmentation is no longer a driver of herbivore ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Affect (Mental Function)
Food
Reptiles
Spatial Distribution
Fragmentation Procedure
Basal
Shapes
Size
Addition to Lower Extremity, Patten Bottom
Herbivory

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