Sep 11, 2008

Haem and folate transport by proton-coupled folate transporter/haem carrier protein 1 (SLC46A1)

The British Journal of Nutrition
Abas H LaftahAndrew T McKie


Haem carrier protein 1 (HCP1) was originally identified and characterised as a mammalian haem transporter. However, recent evidence has shown that it is also a proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) and mutations in the gene cause hereditary folate deficiency in humans. We therefore investigated haem and folate transport characteristics of PCFT/HCP1 both in vivo and in vitro in CD-1 mice and in the presence or absence of a blocking antibody for PCFT/HCP1, and also in cultured cells (which express PCFT/HCP1 endogenously) to elucidate the specificity and selectivity of PCFT/HCP1. The in vivo study showed that the addition of folic acid inhibited 59Fe-labelled haem transport in hypoxic mice but had no effect in normal mice. Using in vitro methods, the results showed increased [3H]folate uptake into everted duodenum from hypoxic mice but uptake was reduced by the addition of haem or PCFT/HCP1 antibodies to the medium. Caco-2 cells transiently transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) PCFT/HCP1 duplex oligos resulted in a 69 % reduction in PCFT/HCP1 mRNA when compared with the control siRNA. Both haem and folate uptake were significantly (P < 0.05) reduced in cells transfected with PCFT/HCP1 siRNA; however, the magnitude of r...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

RNA, Small Interfering
PDE7A gene
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Caco-2 Cells
CYCSP51 gene
Entire Duodenum
Substrate Specificity

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