The tolerance to and dynamic effects of 1 week's oral treatment with the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, perindopril, were assessed in a placebo controlled, parallel group study in 36 normotensive males. The daily dose of perindopril was 1, 2, 4, 8 or 16 mg. The drug was well tolerated and produced no change in routine haematology or serum biochemistry tests. Dose related inhibition of plasma angiotensin converting enzyme was observed. Perindopril 16 mg produced 90% inhibition 4 h after dosing and 60% after 24 h. A dose related rise in plasma renin activity followed doses of 4 mg and over. The renin remained above the normal range for 24 h. Perindopril caused a modest lowering of plasma aldosterone levels but had no effect on plasma adrenaline or noradrenaline levels. Standing diastolic blood pressure was lowered, particularly with 16 mg daily of perindopril but only a slight rise in heart rate occurred. Perindopril appears to be a well tolerated inhibitor of plasma angiotensin converting enzyme, with predictable effects on the renin angiotensin system and blood pressure. An appropriate dose range for further study would appear to be 4 to 16 mg daily.
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