Jul 15, 1976

Haemolysis induced by tyrosine crystals: Modifiers and inhibitors

The Biochemical Journal
L A Goldsmith

Abstract

Tyrosine as a solid, but not in solution, caused human erythrocyte haemolysis. Haemolysis was increased with higher tyrosine concentrations and extended incubation times; it was greater at 37degrees than 4degreesC, and decreased by higher erythrocyte concentrations. Titration of phenolic groups on the surface of di-iodotyrosine crystals altered the extent of di-iodotyrosine-induced haemolysis. Haemolysis induced by tyrosine was inhibited by polyethylene glycol (mol.wt. 6000 or 20000) in a competitive fashion; polyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene non-ionic detergents, polyvinylpyrrolidone (mol.wt. 40000 or 360000), 0.25--1.0M-NaC1, 0.25--1.0 M-KC1 and 0.25 M-NaSCN also inhibited haemolysis. H+-ion donation from the phenolic groups of tyrosine is suggested as part of the mechanism of haemolysis. Non-ionic detergents may inhibit tyrosine-crystal-induced haemolysis by binding the phenolic groups at the surface of the crystal.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Particle Size
Slow-K
Vigilon
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl
Wet-Comod
Hemolysis
Tyrosine
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Thiocyanates
Osmolality

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