Mar 28, 2020

Haemophilus influenzae type b invasive infections in children hospitalized between 2000 and 2017 in a Pediatric Reference Hospital (PRH)

Marcos Delfino SosaMaría Catalina Pírez


Uruguay incorporated the conjugate vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) in 1994. In 2008, the vaccine was changed from one with natural conjugated capsular polysaccharide to one with a synthetic polysaccharide component. We describe the frequency and characteristics of invasive Hib infections in children hospitalized in a Pediatric Reference Hospital (PRH) between January 1st, 2000 and December 31st, 2017. Sterile site Hib isolations from hospitalized children were included. Clinical and microbiological characteristics were analyzed. Favorable conditions for the infection were considered: incomplete immunization, immunodeficiencies and associated pathologies. Two periods are described: 1, prior to vaccine change (1/1 st/2000- 12/31/08) and 2, post-change (1/1 st/09- 12/31st/17). 45 children were hospitalized: 5 in the first period and 40 in the second. The hospitalization rate per 10,000 discharges was 0.41 (95% CI 0.05-0.77) and 4.2/10,000 (95% CI 2.89-5.48), respectively (p < 0.01). The diagnoses at discharge were: meningitis/ventriculitis (20), pneumonia (16), bacteremia (3), epiglottitis (1), arthritis (1), cellulitis (3) and obstruction of the upper airway (1). Four children presented comorbidities. Twenty seven ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Capsular polysaccharide, purified
Isolate - Microorganism
Hospitals, Pediatric
Airway Structure
Vaccines, Conjugate

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