Aug 27, 2003

Haloalkane dehalogenase LinB from Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26: X-ray crystallographic studies of dehalogenation of brominated substrates

Biochemistry
Victor A StreltsovMatthew C J Wilce

Abstract

The haloalkane dehalogenases are detoxifying enzymes that convert a broad range of halogenated substrates to the corresponding alcohols. Complete crystal structures of haloalkane dehalogenase from Sphingomonas paucimobilis UT26 (LinB), and complexes of LinB with 1,2-propanediol/1-bromopropane-2-ol and 2-bromo-2-propene-1-ol, products of debromination of 1,2-dibromopropane and 2,3-dibromopropene, respectively, were determined from 1.8 A resolution X-ray diffraction data. Published structures of native LinB and its complex with 1,3-propanediol [Marek et al. (2000) Biochemistry 39, 14082-14086] were reexamined. The full and partial debromination of 1,2-dibromopropane and 2,3-dibromopropene, respectively, conformed to the observed general trend that the sp(3)-hybridized carbon is the predominant electrophilic site for the S(N)2 bimolecular nucleophilic substitution in dehalogenation reaction. The 2-bromo-2-propene-1-ol product of 2,3-dibromopropene dehalogenation in crystal was positively identified by the gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) technique. The 1,2-propanediol and 1-bromopropane-2-ol products of 1,2-dibromopropane dehalogenation in crystal were also supported by the GC-MS identification. Comparison of native Li...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Dynamics
Alcohols
Sphingomonas
1,2-dibromopropane
Transverse Tubule of Muscle Cell
2,3-dibromopropene
Haloalkane dehalogenase
Static Electricity
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Propylene Glycol

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