Jan 1, 1988

Handling of cytostatic drugs and urine mutagenesis

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
D PoyenG Duménil


As part of a French national epidemiologic study on human reproduction among hospital personnel, we investigated urine mutagenicity of nurses and personnel from oncology units exposed to cytostatic drugs. During a first series of experiments, urine mutagenicity of 47 subjects working in six oncology units was investigated in the Marseille regional's hospital. A control group of 37 individuals working in one cardiology clinic was also included. Urinary mutagens were extracted on XAD-2 resin and tested by two bacterial mutagenicity tests: the Ames test with tester strains Salmonella typhimurium TA 97, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with or without metabolic activation (S9 MiX) and the SOS Chromotest with tester strain Escherichia coli PQ 37-S9 MIX. Bactericidal activity towards the tester strains was found in 40% of the urine samples (36/90). During a second series of experiments, urine mutagenicity of 17 office clerks was also investigated. Toxicity was found in six of the 21 urine samples. No significant difference of toxicity distribution and no relationship between toxicity and cigarette smoking were found. Qualitative analysis of the data showed no significant difference among the exposed groups and the control group (Chi 2 = 0.52...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Antineoplastic Agents
Mutagenicity Tests
Cytostatic Agents
Oncology Field
Bactericidal Activity
Drug-Induced Liver Injury
Mutagenesis Procedure

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