Mar 30, 2020

Assessing the sex-related genomic composition difference using a K-mer-based approach: a case of study in Arapaima gigas (Pirarucu).

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ryan BaldiniTetsu Sakamoto


Arapaima gigas is one of the largest freshwater bony fish in the world, in which adults could weigh 200 kilograms and measure 3 meters in length. Due to its large size and its low-fat meat, Arapaima gigas has quickly become a species of special interest in fish-farming. One challenge faced during their production is the lack of an efficient sexing methodology, since their sexual maturation occurs late (around the third to the fifth year) and the genetic mechanisms linked to their sex determination system are not known yet. For a more sustainable management, it is of paramount importance to seek an effective and non-invasive method to differentiate sexually juvenile individuals of Arapaima gigas. For this, the establishment of genetic markers associated with sexual differentiation would be an advantageous tool. In this study, we proposed a k-mer based approach to identify genome features with sex-determining properties. For this purpose, we used genomic data from four adult representatives of Arapaima gigas, two males and two females, and counted the k-mers comprising them. As result, we found k-mers from repetitive regions with high difference and disproportion in the count among individuals of the opposite sex. These differenc...Continue Reading

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