HAS and LAS rats respond differentially to behavioral effects of ethanol, pentobarbital, chlorpromazine and chlordiazepoxide

Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
E C Krimmer

Abstract

The drug discrimination paradigm (DD) was used to evaluate differences in performance of rats selectively bred for differential sensitivity to the hypnotic effects of ethanol. Tenth generation high-alcohol sensitive (HAS) and low-alcohol sensitive (LAS) rats were trained to discriminate between ethanol (1.0 g/kg, IP) and saline vehicle on a VR-5 schedule of reinforcement. The HAS strain was more sensitive to the discriminative effects of ethanol than the LAS strain, but the magnitude of difference was much smaller than the differential sleep-time differences. The biphasic action of ethanol was differentially seen when the LAS animals exhibited increased activity during both DD and spontaneous motor activity measures and the HAS exhibited decreased activity during DD only. Pentobarbital and chlordiazepoxide but not chlorpromazine elicited the ethanol discriminative choice in both HAS and LAS strains. Response rates during DD indicated a dissociation of rate depressant effects and discriminative performance following ethanol. These findings are discussed in relationship to some current and future uses of selectively bred animal strains and DD for studying the effects of alcohol.

References

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Citations

Feb 1, 1995·Physiology & Behavior·B Hine
Dec 1, 1992·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·E C Krimmer
Jul 1, 1997·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·T J PhillipsC N Lessov
Aug 13, 1998·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·Y Liu, R A Deitrich
Feb 1, 1992·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·L J DraskiR A Deitrich
Aug 1, 1995·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Y LiuR A Deitrich
Feb 3, 2000·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·G H LevineJ Horwitz
Apr 1, 2008·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·Carlos AriasNorman E Spear
May 29, 2004·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·H C BeckerL D Middaugh

Related Concepts

Ethanol
Metazoa
Behavior, Animal
Librium
Thorazine
Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Sedative Effect
Diabutal
Sleep, Slow-Wave
Rats, Laboratory

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