Aug 14, 2019

Head Rules Over the Heart: Cardiac Manifestations of Cerebral Disorders

Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine : Peer-reviewed, Official Publication of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine
Ajay Prasad HrishiUnnikrishnan Prathapadas

Abstract

The Brain-Heart interaction is becoming increasingly important as the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms become better understood. "Neurocardiology" is a new field which explores the pathophysiological interplay of the brain and cardiovascular systems. Brain-heart cross-talk presents as a result of direct stimulation of some areas of the brain, leading to a sympathetic or parasympathetic response or it may present as a result of a neuroendocrine response attributing to a clinical picture of a sympathetic storm. It manifests as cardiac rhythm disturbances, hemodynamic perturbations and in the worst scenarios as cardiac failure and death. Brain-Heart interaction (BHI) is most commonly encountered in traumatic brain injury and subarachnoid hemorrhage presenting as dramatic electrocardiographic changes, neurogenic stunned myocardium or even as ventricular fibrillation. A well-known example of BHI is the panic disorders and emotional stress resulting in Tako-tsubo syndrome giving rise to supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias and transient left ventricular dysfunction. In this review article, we will discuss cardiovascular changes caused due to the disorders of specific brain regions such as the insular cortex, brainste...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Suspicion
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Pathogenesis
Cross-talk
Prefrontal Cortex
Brain
Cessation of Life
Left Vagal Nerve Tract
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left

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