Jun 24, 1999

Health effects of sulfur-related environmental air pollution. IV. Respiratory lung function

Inhalation Toxicology
H SchulzJ Heyder


Recently concern has been raised about health effects related to environmental sulfur and/or acidic aerosols. To assess long-term effects on respiratory lung function, 8 beagle dogs were exposed over a period of 13 mo for 16.5 h/day to 1-microm neutral sulfite aerosol with a particle-associated sulfur(IV) concentration of 0.32 mg m(-3) and for 6 h/day to 1.1-microm acidic sulfate aerosol providing an hydrogen ion concentration of 15.2 micromol m(-3) for inhalation. Prior to exposure the dogs were kept under clean air conditions for 16 mo to establish physiological baseline values for each dog. A second group of eight dogs (control) was kept for the entire study under clean air conditions. Before and at the end of exposure, respiratory lung function was evaluated in both groups in anesthetized and mechanically ventilated animals. Lung volumes as well as static and dynamic lung compliances were measured. Series dead-space volumes and slopes of the alveolar plateau for respiratory (O2, CO2) and inert test gases (He, SF6) were determined from single-breath washout tracings. Monodisperse 0.9-microm DEHS droplets were used to assess convective mixing in the lungs and to evaluate airway dimensions in vivo. Gas exchange across the alve...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Arterial Pulse Pressure
Phospholipase A2, human
Bronchial System
Hydrogen Ion Concentration Measurement
Pulmonary Alveolar Structure
di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate
Respiratory Tract Structure

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