Apr 20, 2017

Health Risk Assessment of Indoor Air Quality, Socioeconomic and House Characteristics on Respiratory Health among Women and Children of Tirupur, South India

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
K RumchevJeffery Spickett

Abstract

Background: Indoor air pollution is still considered as one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and especially in developing countries, including India. This study aims to assess social, housing, and indoor environmental factors associated with respiratory health among mothers and children. Methods: The study was conducted in the city of Tirupur, South India. We quantitatively assessed the indoor exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide in relation to respiratory health among women and children. Information on health status, household characteristics and socioeconomic factors was collected using a modified standardised questionnaire. Results: This study demonstrates the significant health impact of housing and socioeconomic characteristics on the burden of respiratory illness among women and children in urban South India. Increased respiratory symptoms were recorded among women and children from low income households, and those who allowed smoking inside. The mean PM2.5 concentration measured in this study was 3.8 mg/m³ which exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) 24 h guideline value of 0.025 mg/m³. Conclusions: This study is the first to our knowledge carried out in urban So...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Health Status
Morbidity Aspects
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Air Pollutants, Environmental
World Health Organization
Carbon Monoxide
Air Pollution, Indoor
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Housing

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