Health, schooling and lifestyle among young adults in Finland

Health Economics
Unto HäkkinenJaana Laitinen

Abstract

This was a longitudinal, general population study based on a Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort, using a structural equation approach to estimate the health production function and health input functions for four lifestyle variables (smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise and unhealthy diet) for males and females. In particular, we examined the productive and allocative effects of education on health. We used 15D, a generic measure of health-related quality of life, as a single index score measure but we also estimated models for some of its dimensions. Among the males, the important factors impacting on health were education and all the four lifestyle factors, as well as some exogenous variables at 31 years and variables describing parents' background, and health and behaviour at 14 years. An increase of five years in schooling increased the health score by 0.008, of which about 50% was due to direct effect and 50% due to indirect effects. Among the females, education does not impact on health, but health was affected by the use of alcohol, exercise and diet, but not by smoking. Our results indicate that policy options that increase education among men will increase their health indirectly via healthier lifestyles. However, si...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jul 21, 2012·The European Journal of Health Economics : HEPAC : Health Economics in Prevention and Care·Fredrik Odegaard, Pontus Roos
Sep 21, 2012·The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity·Marielle A BeenackersFrank J van Lenthe
Jul 25, 2007·Health Economics·Lien NguyenMarjo-Riitta Järvelin
Apr 29, 2015·Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology·Tarja TannerVuokko Anttonen
Sep 25, 2017·The International Journal of Health Planning and Management·Chun-Chih Chen, Ying-Tzu Lin

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