Jun 19, 1975

Heat-labile enzymes in skin fibroblasts from subjects with progeria

The New England Journal of Medicine
S Goldstein, E J Moerman

Abstract

To characterize further the genetic basis of progeria, thermolability studies were performed on three genetically distinct enzymes in crude extracts of cultured skin fibroblasts derived from two subjects with that syndrome. At early passage the progeric fibroblasts, as compared to controls, contained a significantly higher percentage of heat-labile glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (12.83 plus or minus 1.72 vs 1.11 plus or minus 0.44 [mean plus or minus S.E.M.], p smaller than 0.001), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (9.71 plus or minus 0.68 vs. 0.67 plus or minus 0.22, p smaller than 0.001), and hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (31.41 plus or minus 1.89 vs 7.67 plus or minus 1.71, p smaller than 0.001), and the differences were maintained throughout the in vitro life-span. These data, in conjunction with previous reports of defective HL-A antigens, indicate a widespread defect in genetic expression. The most likely cause appears to be an aberration in protein synthesis or degradation, or both, although multiple somatic mutations cannot be ruled out. Increased thermolability of enzymes in cultured cells may provide a screening test for persons predisposed to progeria and other disorders of premature aging.

  • References15
  • Citations29

References

Mentioned in this Paper

G6PD
HLA Antigens
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase
Skin
Premature Aging Syndrome
Fibroblasts
Cistron
Progeria
PGD

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