DOI: 10.1101/256024Jan 29, 2018Paper

Hematopoietic stem cells differentiate into restricted myeloid progenitors before cell division

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Tatyana GrinenkoBen Wielockx

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) continuously replenish all blood cell types through a series of differentiation steps that involve the generation of lineage-committed progenitors as well as necessary expansion due to repeated cell divisions. However, whether cell division in HSCs precedes differentiation is unclear. To this end, we used an HSC cell tracing approach and Ki67RFP knock-in mice to assess simultaneously divisional history, cell cycle progression, and differentiation of adult HSCs in vivo. Our results reveal that HSCs are able to differentiate into restricted progenitors, especially common myeloid progenitors, restricted megakaryocyte-erythroid progenitors (PreMEs) and pre-megakaryocyte progenitors (PreMegs), without undergoing cell division and even before entering the S phase of the cell cycle. Additionally, the phenotype of the undivided but differentiated progenitors correlated with expression of lineage-specific genes that manifested as functional differences between HSCs and restricted progenitors. Thus, HSC fate decisions appear to be uncoupled from physical cell division. These results facilitate a better understanding of the mechanisms that control fate decisions in hematopoietic cells. Our data, together wi...Continue Reading

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