PMID: 513498Apr 1, 1979Paper

Hemodynamic changes during sequential ultrafiltration and dialysis

Kidney International
B WehleJ Bergström

Abstract

Seven patients on regular dialysis were studied to elucidate the hemodynamic changes during ultrafiltration and dialysis, performed sequentially, the period of ultrafiltration (1 hour) either preceding or following dialysis (3 hours). During dialysis ultrafiltration was prevented by applying positive pressure in the dialysate compartment. Cardiac index (dye dilution: indocyanine green), heart rate, stroke volume index, blood pressure, and total peripheral vascular resistance index were measured. During ultrafiltration, cardiac index and stroke volume index decreased, but heart rate was not significantly changed. Total peripheral vascular resistance increased, resulting in unchanged blood pressure. During dialysis, the total peripheral vascular resistance decreased, but cardiac index and heart rate increased. BP decreased when the increase in cardiac index was insufficient to compensate for the decrease in total peripheral vascular resistance. PRA increased during ultrafiltration due to hypovolemia and decreased during dialysis, presumably due to decreased sympathetic activity which may also be a cause of dialysis-induced vasodilation.

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Related Concepts

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Pulse Rate
Hemodialysis
Hemodynamics
Kidney Diseases
Preprorenin
Stroke Volume
Ultrafiltration
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance

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