PMID: 34689433Oct 25, 2021Paper

[HEMOGLOBIN A1C AND MORTALITY FROM COVID-19].

Harefuah
Eugene MerzonRoy Eldor

Abstract

People with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing a more severe disease or death when contracting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19 ) but the effect of pre-COVID-19 infection glycemic control on disease outcomes is still unclear. In a previous study that we published from Leumit Health Services (LHS) including 183 patients with diabetes, pre-COVID-19 infection HbA1c>9% was associated with the need for hospitalization during the disease. In the current study we present the clinical characteristics of patients who died from COVID-19 in LHS and demonstrate a significant link to pre-infection HbA1c. We collected demographic, clinical and laboratory information regarding all patients insured in LHS who contracted COVID-19 between 1st February and 31st May 2020 and had diabetes or pre-diabetes. To better understand the contribution of pre-infection glycemic control on COVID-19 mortality we conducted a case control study at a 1:5 ratio between patients who had died and survivors, adjusting for age, sex and socioeconomic status. We identified 888 patients of whom 24 (2.7%) died from COVID-19 . Patients who died were older, had more chronic disease, higher HbA1c and creatinine and lower hemoglobin, iron and vitamins B12...Continue Reading

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