Jun 5, 1996

Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor is an autocrine growth factor for rat gastric epithelial cells

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Y MiyazakiY Matsuzawa

Abstract

We examined the biological action and expression of heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in a rat gastric mucosal cell line, RGM1. HB-EGF stimulated DNA synthesis of RGM1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Mitogenic effect of HB-EGF was as potent as that of other known mitogens for gastric epithelial cells, such as hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha. Northern blot analysis showed that RGM1 cells as well as rat gastric mucosal tissue expressed a 2.5-kilobase transcript of HB-EGF. Not only HB-EGF and TGF-alpha but also HGF caused a rapid induction of HB-EGF mRNA in the cells. Treatment with heparitinase which destroys heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) or with chlorate which inhibits sulfation of HSPG diminished [3H]thymidine incorporation of RGM1 cells in serum-free medium. In addition, a synthetic peptide corresponding to the heparin-binding domain of HB-EGF inhibits the DNA synthesis of RGM1 cells in serum-free medium in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that HB-EGF is an autocrine and paracrine growth factor for gastric epithelial cells and may play significant roles in mucosal repair of the stomach in cooperation with other growth factors.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Recombinant Transforming Growth Factor
Northern Blotting
Peptide Growth Factors Deficiency
Heparin
Epidermal Growth Factor
Thymidine
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Transcription, Genetic
Hepatocyte Growth Factor
Structure of Pyloric Gland

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