Jun 14, 2003

Heparin binding-epidermal growth factor improves blastocyst hatching and trophoblast outgrowth in the golden hamster

Reproductive Biomedicine Online
A Mishra, P B Seshagiri

Abstract

The effect of heparin binding-epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF) on the in-vitro development of hamster 8-cell embryos was investigated. Supplementation of HB-EGF to culture medium accelerated zona escape of blastocysts (63 +/- 9% compared with 33 +/- 9% after 36 h; P < 0.05). Complete zona escape of blastocysts persisted even after 48 h (61 +/- 11% versus 30 +/- 4%) and 60 h (75 +/- 6% versus 42 +/- 8%). Addition of anti-HB-EGF antibody drastically reduced the percentage of zona escaped-blastocysts (30.0 +/- 5.0% versus 92.3 +/- 2.8%; P < 0.05). Interestingly, a significant increase in the area of trophoblast outgrowth occurred in the presence of HB-EGF (116 x 10(3) +/- 8 x 10(3) microm(2) versus 74 x 10(3) +/- 8 x 10(3) microm(2) at 48 h; P < 0.05). This, however, was not due to an increased number of trophectodermal cells in HB-EGF-treated blastocysts. Immunoreactive HB-EGF was localized in blastocysts and uterine sections, visible by intense immunostaining in the luminal epithelium, particularly on the apical surface. Moreover, the expression of HB-EGF in the uterus was maximum on day 4 of pregnancy, coinciding with the timing of zona escape and implantation. The receptor of HB-EGF, viz. EGF receptor was also detected in blas...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Mesocricetus auratus
Epidermal Growth Factor
Entire Uterus
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Uterus
Uterus
Pregnant Uterus
Hamsters
Epithelium
Blastocyst Implantation, Natural
Allergy Testing Hamster

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