Apr 1, 1993

Heparin-like glycosaminoglycans participate in binding of a human trophoblastic cell line (JAR) to a human uterine epithelial cell line (RL95)

Journal of Cellular Physiology
L H Rohde, D D Carson

Abstract

In vitro studies in our laboratory have indicated that heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) play an important role in murine embryo implantation. In order to investigate the potential function of HSPGs in human implantation, two human cell lines (RL95 and JAR) were used to model uterine epithelium and embryonal trophectoderm, respectively. A heterologous cell-cell adhesion assay was developed to determine if binding of JAR cells to RL95 cells was heparan sulfate-dependent. Labeled, single cell suspensions of JAR cells attached to confluent monolayers of RL95 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Heparin-like glycosaminoglycans and JAR cell proteoglycans competitively inhibited JAR cell adhesion to RL95 cells by 50% or more. A panel of chemically modified heparins were used to demonstrate that O-sulfation and amino group substitution were critical for inhibition of cell-cell adhesion. Treatment with chlorate, an inhibitor of ATP-sulfurylase, resulted in a 56% reduction in cell-cell binding compared to untreated controls. Heparinase and chondroitinase ABC markedly inhibited JAR-RL95 binding, while chondroitinase AC had no significant effect. These observations indicated that HSPGs as well as dermatan sulfate-containing pro...Continue Reading

  • References40
  • Citations30

References

  • References40
  • Citations30

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Sulfates, Inorganic
Syncytiotrophoblasts
Glycosaminoglycans
Uterus
Liquaemin
GALNS
Cell Communication
Heparin Cofactor II Deficiency (Disorder)
Mesothelium
Cell Adhesion

Related Feeds

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.