Oct 1, 1987

Heparin/heparan sulfate is involved in attachment and spreading of mouse embryos in vitro

Developmental Biology
M C FarachD D Carson

Abstract

The involvement of embryonic cell surface proteoglycans in the attachment and outgrowth of cultured mouse embryos has been investigated. Several lines of evidence indicate that periimplantation stage blastocysts express heparin/heparan sulfate proteoglycans on their cell surfaces that can mediate embryo attachment and trophoblast outgrowth on a variety of matrices. First, in the presence of soluble heparin, the rate at which embryos attach and outgrow on laminin, fibronectin, or monolayers of uterine epithelial cells is reduced considerably. In the case of fibronectin, the rate of outgrowth in the presence of the heparin is slower than in the presence of the Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-containing peptide that is recognized by a fibronectin receptor. Embryos also attach and exhibit a limited ability to outgrow on platelet factor IV, a heparin binding protein that does not possess the additional binding domains of laminin or fibronectin. Attachment on platelet factor IV is inhibited by heparin. Second, cell surface digestion of attachment-component embryos with heparinase, but not chondroitinase ABC, slows the rate of outgrowth on tissue culture plates in the presence of serum. Third, selective staining for sulfated molecules on the trophect...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Embryo
Embryo Loss
Heparin
Syncytiotrophoblasts
Glycosaminoglycans
Organ Culture Techniques
Galns
Platelet Factor 4
Proteoglycan
Entire Embryo

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