Jun 28, 2005

Hepatic and extrahepatic expression of vitellogenin genes in the zebrafish, Danio rerio

Gene
Hai WangZhiyuan Gong

Abstract

Vitellogenins (Vtgs) are yolk precursor proteins in oviparous species and are cleaved into three portions-lipovitellin I (LVI), phosvitin (PV), and lipovitellin II (LVII)-in oocytes in vertebrates. In the present study, we found that the zebrafish genome contains at least seven vtg genes (vtg1-7) encoding heterogeneous vitellogenins with three distinct types of Vtgs: type I (Vtg1, 4-7) contains all the three major portions but lacks the C-terminal half of LVII; type II (Vtg2) is the only one including intact three portions; type III (Vtg3) lacks both PV and the LVII C-terminal half. The seven vtgs were located in two different chromosomes: one (vtg3) in LG11 and the rest closely linked in LG22, probably arisen from local gene duplication events. All of the seven vtgs are predominantly expressed in female liver and can be induced in male liver by 17beta-estradiol (E2). The level of vtg1 mRNA was about 100x and 1000x higher than those of vtg2 and vtg3 mRNAs. We also found vtg mRNAs in several non-liver tissues, but the expression level is generally <10% of that in the liver. In situ hybridization experiments confirmed that the extrahepatic expression was actually in adipocytes associated with several organs such as the intestine,...Continue Reading

  • References27
  • Citations117

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Skin Tissue
Raja montagui
Ovarian Diseases
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Northern Blotting
Takifugu rubripes
Penaeus semisulcatus
Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Fat Pad

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.