Hepatic lipase activity is decreased in Japanese patients with type III hyperlipoproteinemia

Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Toshio MuraseMinoru Okubo


Type III hyperlipoproteinemia (HLP), a disorder associated with a high incidence of premature cardiovascular diseases, is characterized by the accumulation of remnant lipoproteins in the plasma. The primary genetic defect in patients with type III HLP is the presence of apolipoprotein E2 (apoE2), an isoform of apoE, and accumulation of remnant lipoproteins in the plasma has been thought to be attributable to the presence of apoE2, which bind poorly to low density lipoprotein receptors, resulting in defective remnant lipoprotein clearance. On the other hand, the activity of hepatic lipase (HL), the enzyme that plays a pivotal role in the removal of remnant lipoproteins, in type III HLP has not been investigated. We examined post-heparin plasma lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and HL activities in 7 patients with type III HLP. The activities of HL and LPL in post-heparin plasma were measured separately by an immunochemical method using antiserum specifically directed against HL. The post-heparin plasma HL activity was significantly reduced, while the LPL activity was normal. Reduced HL activity may account, at least in part, for the accumulation of remnant lipoproteins in the plasma, a characteristic feature of type III HLP.


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Nov 27, 2008·European Journal of Human Genetics : EJHG·Peter HennemanAugustinus H M Smelt

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