Dec 15, 1975

Hepatic nucleases. Extrahepatic origin and association of neutral liver ribonuclease with lysosomes

European Journal of Biochemistry
J BartholeynsP Baudhuin


In the large granule fraction of rat liver, the density distribution of inhibitor-sensitive neutral ribonuclease is similar to that for acid hydrolases and its density distribution is similarly modified by Triton WR-1339 accumulation in lysosomes. Particulate neutral ribonuclease is latent; the enzyme is unmasked by very low digitonin concentrations or hypoosmotic shock. These observations demonstrate that the bulk of liver neutral ribonuclease is associated with the lysosomal system. In view of the neutral pH optimum of the enzyme and of some particularities of its distribution in fractionation experiments, the possiblilty of an extrahepatic origin of neutral ribonuclease has been investigated. After partial pancreatectomy, a significant decrease is observed in both plasma and liver neutral ribonuclease. The effect is specific, for it does not occur for other lysosomal enzymes. Also, labelled bovine pancreatic ribonuclease, when injected intravenously, is taken up by the liver. The sedimentable labelled enzyme has a density distribution similar to the distribution of other foreign proteins, horseradish peroxidase or yeast invertase. These results are explained by the uptake of plasmatic neutral ribonuclease from pancreatic ori...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Subcellular Fractions
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Cell Fractionation

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