PMID: 2142748Jul 1, 1990Paper

Hepatitis-B-associated glomerulonephritis: pathology, pathogenesis, and clinical course

V S VenkataseshanA Prakash


Hepatitis-B-associated glomerulonephritis (HBGN) is a distinct entity occurring frequently in hepatitis-B-prevalent areas of the world. The disease affects both adults and children who are chronic hepatitis-B-virus (HBV) carriers with or without a history of overt liver disease. The diagnosis is established by serologic evidence of HBV antigens/antibodies, presence of an immune complex glomerulonephritis, immunohistochemical localization of 1 or more HBV antigens, and pertinent clinical history, when available. In this study we present clinicopathologic and follow-up findings in 12 patients (7 children, 5 adults) with hepatitis-B-associated glomerulonephritis. Twelve patients provided 15 renal biopsies and 1 specimen of kidney tissue, obtained at autopsy; these were examined by light microscopy, electron microscopy, and immunohistochemical methods. Membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) with or without mesangial proliferation was noted in 7 biopsies, mesangiocapillary (membranoproliferative) glomerulonephritis (MCGN) in 5 biopsies, and proliferative glomerulonephritis with or without membranous changes in 2 biopsies. Tubulointerstitial changes were minimal except in 3 adults, in whom they were attributable to arterionephrosclerosi...Continue Reading


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