PMID: 46275Jan 1, 1975

Hepatocarcinogenesis by diethylnitrosamine in rats fed high dietary levels of lipotropes

Journal of the National Cancer Institute
L A Poirier


The effects of high dietary levels of lipotropes on the carcinogenic activity of diethylnitrosamine (DENA) in rats were studied. All animals given DENA, with or without a dietary supplement, developed hepatocellular carcinomas. The mean survival times of all groups of rats dying with hepatocellular carcinomas after DENA treatment were determined. Choline, betaine, and folic acid consistently exerted no significant effect on those mean survival times. In rats receiving approximately equal to 2 mg DENA/day, methionine administration led to a slight but significant increase in the mean survival time of the carcinogen-treated rats, whereas vitamin B12 significantly lowered the survival time; neither substance altered the mean survival times of those treated with only 1.0 mg DENA/day. On the other hand, ethanolamine decreased the mean survival times of rats given 1.0 mg DENA daily, but had no effect on animals receiving 2 ml/day of carcinogen. Dimethylthetin (sulfur analogue of betaine), methotrexate, lecithin, and cephalin exerted no effect on the carcinogenic activity of DENA. The administration of dimethylthetin and betaine along with DENA led to markedly increased liver weights in animals dying of hepatocellular carcinomas, when...Continue Reading


Mar 17, 2000·The Journal of Nutrition·S W Choi, J B Mason
Nov 15, 2014·Current Pathobiology Reports·Allyson K MartínezShannon S Glaser
Jan 1, 2013·American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology·Yan LiuSteven Dooley
Feb 22, 2012·Journal of Cellular Biochemistry·Zeynep Coban, Michelle Craig Barton
Apr 12, 2011·International Journal of Cancer. Journal International Du Cancer·Carlos Eduardo Andrade ChagasFernando Salvador Moreno
Jan 1, 1994·Nutrition and Cancer·S A Glynn, D Albanes

Related Concepts

Tumor Promoters
Citrate de Betaine UPSA
Liver Carcinoma
Choline Hydroxide
Methotrexate, (DL)-Isomer

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.