DOI: 10.1101/488031Dec 6, 2018Paper

Hepatocyte-specific deletion of Pparα promotes NASH in the context of obesity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Marion RégnierAlexandra Montagner

Abstract

Objectives: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α (PPARα) acts as a fatty acid sensor to orchestrate the transcription of genes coding for rate-limiting enzymes required for lipid oxidation in hepatocytes. Mice only lacking Pparα in hepatocytes spontaneously develop steatosis without obesity in aging. Altough steatosis is a benign condition it can develop into non alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which may progress to irreversible damage, such as fibrosis and hepatocarcinoma. While NASH appears as a major public health concern worldwide, it remains an unmet medical need. Several drugs are being tested in clinical trials, including pharmacological agonists for the different PPAR isotypes. In current study, we investigated the role of hepatocyte PPARα in a preclinical model of steatosis. Methods/Results: We have investigated the role of hepatocyte PPARα in a preclinical model of steatosis using High Fat Diet (HFD) feeding as a model of obesity in C57BL/6J male Wild-Type mice (WT), in whole-body (Pparα-/-) mice and in mice lacking Pparα in hepatocyte (Pparαhep-/-). We provide evidence that Pparα deletion in hepatocytes promotes NASH in mice fed an HFD. This enhanced NASH susceptibility occurs without development of glucose...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aging
Clinical Trials
Fatty Acids
Fibrosis
Gene Deletion
Laboratory mice
Obesity
Conditioned Reflex
Transcription, Genetic
PPAR alpha

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