Hereditary erythrocytosis, thrombocytosis and neutrophilia

Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
Wan-Jen Hong, Jason Gotlib

Abstract

Hereditary erythrocytosis, thrombocytosis, and neutrophilia are rare inherited syndromes which exhibit Mendelian inheritance. Some patients with primary hereditary erythrocytosis exhibit a mutation in the erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) which is associated with low serum erythropoietin (EPO) levels. Secondary congenital erythrocytosis may be characterized by normal or high serum EPO levels, and is related to high oxygen affinity haemoglobin variants, mutation of the enzyme biphosphoglycerate mutase (BPGM), or defects in components of the oxygen-sensing pathway. Hereditary thrombocytosis was first linked to mutations in genes encoding thrombopoietin (THPO) or the thrombopoietin receptor, MPL. More recently, germline mutations in JAK2, distinct from JAK2 V617F, and mutation of the gelsolin gene, were uncovered in several pedigrees of hereditary thrombocytosis. Hereditary neutrophilia has been described in one family with an activating germline mutation in CSF3R. The mutational basis for most hereditary myeloproliferative disorders has yet to be identified.

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Related Concepts

MPLK protein, human
JAK2 protein, human
CSF3R protein, human
Familial Erythrocytosis
EPO protein, human
Neutrophilia, Hereditary
Bisphosphoglycerate Mutase
Erythropoietin
Eryhem
Leukocyte Disorders

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