PMID: 3024515Dec 1, 1986Paper

Hereditary gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes

The American Journal of Surgical Pathology
R C Haggitt, B J Reid

Abstract

Hereditary gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes can be divided into adenomatous and hamartomatous types. Familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAPC) is the prototype adenomatous polyposis syndrome and is defined by the autosomal dominant transmission of multiple (more than 100) colorectal adenomas. Virtually all affected patients develop colorectal carcinoma if untreated. Adenomas may develop also in the stomach and small bowel in FAPC patients, but the incidence of carcinoma in these sites is low. A variety of extracolonic manifestations has been reported in FAPC, with the name Gardner's syndrome applied to kindreds with osteomas of the skull and mandible, multiple epidermal cysts, and other skin and soft-tissue lesions. In Turcot's syndrome, brain tumors are present. The distinction between Gardner's and Turcot's syndromes and classical FAPC has become blurred because of marked overlap between them; some authorities consider them to be varying manifestations of a single genetic defect. The hamartomatous polyposes include Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, familial juvenile polyposis, Cowden's disease, intestinal ganglioneuromatosis, and the Ruvalcaba-Myrhe-Smith syndrome. The incidence of gastrointestinal cancer in patients with Peutz-Je...Continue Reading

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