PMID: 7082289Feb 1, 1982Paper

Hereditary spherocytosis of man. Altered binding of cytoskeletal components to the erythrocyte membrane

The Biochemical Journal
J S HillJ S Wiley

Abstract

Human erythrocytes possess a lattice work of extrinsic proteins on the inner face of the membrane (;cytoskeleton') that maintains the shape and deformability of the cell. The major proteins of the cytoskeleton are spectrin and actin, which are attached to the membrane by protein bands 2.1 (;ankyrin') and 4.1. The interactions of spectrin/actin with erythrocyte membranes from normal subjects and from patients with hereditary spherocytosis (HS) have been studied by using an air-driven ultracentrifuge, which can rapidly separate membranes from soluble proteins (150000g for 30s). The total amount of spectrin/actin in HS and normal ghosts is similar. However, the rate of dissociation of spectrin and actin from HS erythrocyte membranes at low ionic strength is significantly lower than that observed for normal membranes. Spectrin and actin isolated from either HS or normal membranes re-associated in a similar manner to spectrin/actin-depleted vesicles prepared from normal cells. Scatchard analysis showed an average binding capacity of 278mug/mg of membrane protein. However, spectrin/actin-depleted vesicles prepared from HS cells bound significantly less spectrin/actin prepared from either the normal or abnormal cells (average binding ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Isoactin
Synthetic Detergent
Red Cell Ghost
Erythrocytes
Cell Surface Proteins
Osmolality
Vigilon
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Spectrin
Hereditary Spherocytosis

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