Oct 1, 1989

High affinity dextromethorphan binding sites in guinea pig brain. Effect of sigma ligands and other agents

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
M Klein, J M Musacchio

Abstract

Dextromethorphan (DM), a non-narcotic antitussive, binds in the guinea pig brain to specific high- and low-affinity sites with Kd values of 57 nM and 24 microM, respectively (Musacchio et al., 1988). The antitussives carbetapentane, caramiphen, butamirate and dimethoxanate competed with the high-affinity binding of [3H]DM at pH 7.4 with nanomolar Ki values. Sigma site ligands showed high affinity for [3H]DM binding sites. The rank order of potency was: haloperidol greater than (+)-pentazocine greater than (+)-cyclazocine greater than 3-(-3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine greater than (+)-N-allylnormetazocine greater than (-)-butaclamol much greater than (+)-butaclamol (-)-N-allylnormetazocine. The antipsychotic perphenazine competed with low nanomolar Ki values, whereas rimcazole was weaker. The antidepressant opipramol and the benzomorphan (+)2'methoxyphenazocine were the most effective drugs tested, with Ki values of 0.4 nM. By contrast, MK-801 and phencyclidine hydrochloride were very weak competitors for [3H]DM binding. The diphenylalkylamines were the most effective competitors of the calcium channel blocking agents: prenylamine and cinnarizine had Ki values of 17 and 22 nM, respectively. Lidoflazine and hydroxyzine ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Antimalarial [EPC]
Antipsychotic Effect
Pentazocine
Potassium Channel Blockers
Prenylamine
Nifedipine
Piperidine
Caramiphen
Assay OF Haloperidol
Anticonvulsants

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