Mar 13, 2003

High-density seeding of myocyte cells for cardiac tissue engineering

Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Milica RadisicGordana Vunjak-Novakovic


Tissue engineering of 1- to 5-mm-thick, functional constructs based on cells that cannot tolerate hypoxia for prolonged time periods (e.g., cardiac myocytes) critically depends on our ability to seed the cells at a high and spatially uniform initial density and to maintain their viability and function. We hypothesized that rapid gel-cell inoculation in conjunction with direct medium perfusion through the seeded scaffold would increase the rate, yield, viability, and uniformity of cell seeding. Two cell types were studied: neonatal rat cardiomyocytes for feasibility studies of seeding and cultivation with direct medium perfusion, and C2C12 cells (a murine myoblast cell line) for detailed seeding studies. Cells were seeded at densities corresponding to those normally present in the adult rat heart ([0.5-1] x 10(8) cells/cm(3)), into collagen sponges (13 mm x 3 mm discs), using Matrigel as a vehicle for rapid cell delivery. Scaffolds inoculated with cell-gel suspension were seeded either in perfused cartridges with alternating medium flow or in orbitally mixed Petri dishes. The effects of seeding time (1.5 or 4.5 h), initial cell number (6 or 12 million cells per scaffold), and seeding set-up (medium perfusion at 0.5 and 1.5 mL/mi...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations130


  • References20
  • Citations130


Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle Cells
Contraction (Finding)
Culture Techniques
Cell Differentiation Process
Cell Division Phases
Cell Density

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Milica RadisicGordana Vunjak-Novakovic
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Rebecca L CarrierGordana Vunjak-Novakovic
Tissue Engineering
Rebecca L CarrierGordana Vunjak-Novakovic
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Milica RadisicGordana Vunjak-Novakovic
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved