Mar 13, 2003

High-density seeding of myocyte cells for cardiac tissue engineering

Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Milica RadisicGordana Vunjak-Novakovic

Abstract

Tissue engineering of 1- to 5-mm-thick, functional constructs based on cells that cannot tolerate hypoxia for prolonged time periods (e.g., cardiac myocytes) critically depends on our ability to seed the cells at a high and spatially uniform initial density and to maintain their viability and function. We hypothesized that rapid gel-cell inoculation in conjunction with direct medium perfusion through the seeded scaffold would increase the rate, yield, viability, and uniformity of cell seeding. Two cell types were studied: neonatal rat cardiomyocytes for feasibility studies of seeding and cultivation with direct medium perfusion, and C2C12 cells (a murine myoblast cell line) for detailed seeding studies. Cells were seeded at densities corresponding to those normally present in the adult rat heart ([0.5-1] x 10(8) cells/cm(3)), into collagen sponges (13 mm x 3 mm discs), using Matrigel as a vehicle for rapid cell delivery. Scaffolds inoculated with cell-gel suspension were seeded either in perfused cartridges with alternating medium flow or in orbitally mixed Petri dishes. The effects of seeding time (1.5 or 4.5 h), initial cell number (6 or 12 million cells per scaffold), and seeding set-up (medium perfusion at 0.5 and 1.5 mL/mi...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations130

References

  • References20
  • Citations130

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Myoblasts
Muscle Cells
Murine
Fermentors
Contraction (Finding)
Culture Techniques
Cell Differentiation Process
Zyderm
Cell Division Phases
Cell Density

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