Sep 1, 1989

High diagnostic value in rheumatoid arthritis of antibodies to the stratum corneum of rat oesophagus epithelium, so-called 'antikeratin antibodies'

Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Christian VincentJ P Soleilhavoup


Serum antibodies to the stratum corneum of rat oesophagus epithelium, so-called 'antikeratin antibodies', have been largely demonstrated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). IgM and IgG antibodies to this epithelium were studied by semiquantitative immunofluorescence in 528 patients with perfectly characterised rheumatic diseases, including 178 with classical or definite RA. Histological analysis of IgG antibodies showed that only antibodies which produce a linear laminated pattern restricted to the stratum corneum (IgG antikeratin antibodies) are highly specific for RA; all the other labelling patterns are not disease specific. By a semiquantitative evaluation of the stratum corneum fluorescence intensity it was shown that the diagnostic value of IgG antikeratin antibodies closely depends on their titre and it was established in objective conditions that the sensitivity is 43.26% when the specificity reaches 99.14%. A high titre of IgG antikeratin antibodies was actually pathognomonic for RA. Both the histological and semi-quantitative analyses showed that IgM antibodies to rat oesophagus epithelium, though frequently detected, are of no diagnostic value, either for RA or for any other rheumatic disease that was studied. From a revie...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Viral Markers
Keratin-Associated Proteins

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