High-dose-rate afterloading brachytherapy, external radiation therapy, and combination chemotherapy in poor-prognosis cancer of the cervix

Gynecologic Oncology
V K MalviyaK Ahmad


Fourteen patients with poor-prognosis cervical cancer were treated with concurrent chemotherapy (cisplatin and mitomycin-C), external radiation therapy (RT), and high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy. Pelvic RT was delivered as (a) external-beam radiation (four-field box technique, 40.0 Gy), (b) brachytherapy using HDR 60Co or 192Ir (3.80 Gy/fraction, thrice weekly; total dose, 46.83 Gy) with intrauterine stent, and (c) parametrial boost using an AP field with custom-fabricated step wedges. Post-radical-hysterectomy patients received 50.40 Gy external RT and 3.23 Gy/day vaginal cylinder HDR at 1/2-cm depth (total dose, 16.15 Gy). Complete clinical and radiographic response was noted in all evaluable patients who are alive with no evidence of disease, 3 to 27 months after completion of therapy (median, 9 months). Toxicity consisted of grade 2 to 3 hematologic toxicity (4 patients) and nausea and vomiting in all, but grade 3 in only 2 patients. One patient had grade 2 diarrhea. The only major complication (small bowel obstruction) occurred in a patient with lupus vasculitis. This pilot study demonstrates the feasibility of this regimen in an outpatient setting with acceptable toxicity. More prolonged follow-up of our patients is req...Continue Reading


Aug 1, 1979·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·E B Douple, R C Richmond
May 1, 1987·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·D F MartinJ J Fischer
Apr 1, 1983·The British Journal of Radiology·S DischeE R Watson

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Jul 15, 1997·International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics·E RakovitchP M Leung
Nov 1, 1995·Seminars in Oncology Nursing·P S Wright, S L Thomas
Apr 15, 1999·The New England Journal of Medicine·P G RoseS Insalaco

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